“An orange gem resting on a blue glass plate: it’s Venice seen from above.” --
the Grand Canal in Venice
Here's my guide to cruising the Grand Canal in Venice. It's a classic, unmissable thing to do in Venice. As you sail, you can admire Venice's must see sites and dreamy palazzos. I also give you tips and tricks for riding the Vaporetto, which is Venice's water bus.
Venice is truly unique. It's one of the world's most beautiful and captivating cities, a natural movie set. No other place looks quite like it. Venice is a city built on water that shouldn't exist in real life.
As a result, Venice has a unique urbanism. You can only get around by water. Venice's Grand Canal is a natural monument and Venice's most important thoroughfare.
The Grand Canal has a reverse S shape. The Grand Canal is 2.4 miles long, and varies in width. The widest point is almost 300 feet across. The Grand Canal isn't man made. It follows the path of an ancient river bed underneath.
During Venice's heyday, the Grand Canal was used by traders, making their way to the Rialto Bridge. Today, it's flanked with over 170 buildings, including pastel mansions and gleaming Byzantine palazzi.
aerial view of a fish=shaped Venice and the Grand Canal
the Grand Canal in Venice
The most important buildings on the Grand Canal were residences of Venice's powerful patrician families. Because of these sumptuous palaces, the Grand Canal has been described "as the most beautiful street in the world."
The Grand Canal makes getting around Venice a bit of a hassle. Only four bridges cross it. The trick to get across is to take a traghetto for two euros. A traghetto is an oversized gondola. (No one would know you weren't on a gondola, so snap a pic.)
You can ride the entire length of the Canalazzo on a vaporetto, Venice's floating transportation system. Let's sail down the Grand Canal and explore all of Venice's must see sites. We'll start at the Piazza San Marco, which is a common disembarkation point for a Grand Canal cruise.
beautiful facade of St. Mark's Basilica
Beautiful Sites Along the Grand Canal
1. St. Mark's Basilica
St. Mark's is an astonishing tour de force of Italo-Byzantine architecture. Consecrated in 1093, it's one of the world's most famous churches. Since 1807, St. Mark's has been the cathedral of Venice.
St. Mark's was primarily built to house the relics of the evangelist St. Mark. Venice decided it needed a prominent patron saint. In 828 AD, two Venetians stole St. Mark's body from Alexandria and smuggled it into Venice, concealing it beneath piles of pork. They were grave robbers in gondolas.
St. Mark's also served as the private chapel of the doge, the constitutional monarch at the head of the Republic of Venice.
The church has a unique and eclectic mix of styles and materials. Venice imported the art and architectural style from the Byzantine world. Just as Venice is like no other city in the world, St. Mark's is like no other church in Europe.
The primary building material was brick, like everything else in Venice. Brick was the lightest building material available at the time. Once the structure went up, it was covered by marble slabs and relief sculptures to make it as decorative as possible.
The church's footprint is a Greek cross plan, with a giant dome above the crossing point. Each of the four arms is surmounted with a dome. The altar is located at the end of the eastern arm.
Inside, is a golden extravaganza of mosaics, 90,000 square feet in total symbolically concentrated high above in the celestial world. In the middle ages, Venice was the leading school of mosaic in, ahead of Ravenna. The oldest mosaics in St. Mark's date back to 1070, telling Old Testament stories.
The basilica's uneven floor is decorated as well. It's uneven because of high water flooding. There are two pulpits connected by a rare surviving rood screen, separating the clergy and the laity.
The baldachin, or architectural shelter, marks the spot where the body of St. Mark rests in the crypt below. Behind the baldachin is the Palla D'Oro, a golden altarpiece. It's a massive bejeweled screen.
the pink and white Doge's Palace
2. Doge's Palace
The Doge’s Palace or Palazzo Ducale, is one of Venice's most iconic landmark. Set in St. Mark's Square, the palace is the very symbol of Venice. This pink and white marble Gothic-Renaissance building was the official residence of the doges, rulers of Venice for more than 1,000 years. After a fire in 1677, it was largely rebuilt.
Inside the grand interior are some fabulous pieces of Renaissance and Venetian art. The must see masterpieces are Veronese's Rape of Europa and The Triumph of Venice, paintings and ceilings by Tintoretto and Veronese, and Tiepolo's Neptune Bestowing Gifts upon Venice.
The Doge's Palace also has the world's largest oil painting Tintoretto's IlParadiso. It dominates the Great Council, the main hall of the palace. John Ruskin described it as "by far the most precious work of art of any kind whatsoever."
If you buy tickets for the Secret Itineraries Tour, you'll go beyond the public rooms and pass into the private chambers, judges' chambers, interrogation rooms, and prisons. You'll see the cell of the infamous ladies' man Casanova, who made a miraculous escape. And you'll walk across the Bridge of Sighs where prisoners took their last glances of Venice through tiny windows.
Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute
3. Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute | St. Mary of Health
La Salute is a Ventian jewel of Baroque architecture. It was built to symbolize Venice's return to health after the great Italian plague of 1629-31 that killed 95,000 Venetians. Built on top of over 1 million timber piles, it was designed by local architect Baldassare Longhena, who also built Ca' Rezzonico.
La Salute's most eye catching figure is its crown like dome, with a statue of Mary on top. The high altar has a famous medieval painting of the Madonna della Salute, the Mediator of All.
The floor is beautiful inlaid marble in geometric forms. The Sacristy is almost a mini museum, with paintings by Titian and Tintoretto. The must see work is Tintoretto's Marriage at Cana.
Palazzo Gritti Palace Hotel
4. Palazzo Gritti Palace Hotel
Built in 1525, the Palazzo Gritti is a Venetian Gothic wonderland. Originally, the palace was the home of one of Venice's doges, Andewa Gritti.
Now, the palazzo is an expensive luxury hotel. The hotel is chock full of Venetian antiques, oriental rugs, and spectacular Murano glass light fixtures. It faces La Salute. A drink of the Gritti Terrace shouldn't be missed.
Guggenheim Museum | Palazzo Venier dei Leoni
5. Guggenheim Museum | Palazzo Venier dei Leoni
Then, you'll pass by the white marble Palazzo Venier dei Leoni. Peggy Guggenheim purchased it from another eccentric European personality, Mary Louisa Casati.
Now, the palazzo holds one of the finest modern art museums in the world. Guggenheim was an eccentric American heiress with a nose for spotting talent. If you love 20th century art, the golden age of modern art, this museum is for you. Everything is a seminal work of art.
Guggenheim's collection includes works from the major movements of Cubism, Surrealism, Futurism, and Abstract Expressionism. There's an entire room dedicated to her beloved Pollack. You can see works by Picasso, de Chirico, Vassily Kandinsky, Joan Miro, Paul Klee, Max Ernst, Magritte, Willem de Kooning, Salvador Dali, and Alexander Calder.
Click here for my complete guide to visiting the amazing Guggenheim Museum.
Palazzo Corner della Ca' Grande
6. Palazzo Corner della Ca' Grande
Ca' Grande essentially means big house. Directly opposite the Guggenheim, this palace was built for the Corronodo family, one of Venice's oldest families.
The place is unique for Venice because it's architecture is classical inspired, in High renaissance style, not the Byzantine typical of Venice.
The palace was built in 1545, by Florentine master architect Jacopo Sansovino. Ca' Grande has a wow factor, intentionally so. The facade has Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns, as it ascends. There are individual balconies for the windows.
7. Accademia Bridge | Ponte dell'Accademia
This is unique because it's a wooden bridge. It replaced a 19th century iron bridge that was too low and restricted traffic.
The bridge connects the Dorsoduro and St. Mark districts. This is a great place to snap photos.
the Accademia Gallery
8. Accademia Gallery | Galleria dell'Accademia
Close by the Accademia Bridge, you'll find the Accademia Gallery. This museum is the most important museum in Venice. The Accademia is housed in the former Santa Maria della Carità church and convent complex. It was built, in part, by famed Italian Renaissance architect, Andrea Palladio.
But the Accademia is always empty! Even during high season. Venice's crowds are mostly centered in San Marco. But, given the museum's collection, it's rather shocking.
The Accademia houses the world's most important collection of Venetian painting, comparable to the Uffizi Gallery's collection of Florentine work. They gallery has works by Veronese, Titian, Tintoretto, Tiepolo, Bellini, Canaletto, Mantagna, and Giorgione.
It also possesses the world's most famous drawing, Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man. You've probably seen it. It's the nude man in a circle. Unfortunately, for conservation purposes, the delicate drawing isn't on display that often. But it's sometimes included in exhibitions, which are well publicized.
Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, 1490
Ca Rezonnicco, the Museum of 18th Century Venice
9. Ca Rezonnicco | Museum of 18th Century Venice
The Palazzo Rezonnicco was built by the same architect that build La Salute, Baldassare Longhena, the greatest Baroque architect in Venice. It was once owned by 19th century British romantic poet Robert Browning. Inside, it's a lavish Rococo affair with the beautiful furnishings, a Throne Room, and a Grand Ballroom.
The Palazzo Rezzonico museum is a shrine to 18th century Venetian artists. This period is sometimes called the "Age of Decadence." It's a beautiful and rare in situ museum, where the art displayed was created specifically for the palazzo.
You'll find paintings and frescoed ceilings by Tiepolo, Longhi, Canaletto, Guardi, Molinari, and Lazzarini. There's even an old school private gondola on display.
interior of Ca' Rezonnicco
Palazzo Grassi, Venice's exhibition hall
10. Palazzo Grassi
Palazzo Grassi is an 18th century Neo-Classical palace designed by Giorgio Massari. It became famous when it was bought by Fiat and turned into an exhibition hall. Palazzo Grassi was the last palace to be built before the fall of Venice when Napoleon took over.
The facade has both Baroque and Classical features. It has an unusual architectural plan with four wings around a rectangular courtyard. It's Venice's major exhibition venue.
Ca' Foscari on the Grand Canal
11. Ca' Foscari
Ca' Foscari is one of Venice's most important palazzi. It was built by Doge Francesco Foscari. It's a 15th century late Gothic building with -- an astonishing feature at the time -- four floors. When Venice lost a crucial battle to the Turks, the Foscaris fell on hard times and were expelled form Venice.
In 1574, Henry II of France used the palace as his residence. Today, it's the administrative seat of Ca' Foscari University. You can take a guided tour. From the second floor palazzo, you have a sweeping view from the Rialto Bridge to the Accademia Bridge.
the Rialto Bridge on the Grand Canal
12. Rialto Bridge
The iconic Rialto Bridge is one of the world's most famous bridges. It connects the sestieres (neighborhoods) of San Marco and San Polo.
There was first a bridge located here in 1181. There's been a bridge there for most of Venice's history.
Space was an important urban commodity. So the Venetians didn't leave the bridge space unexploited. In 15th century, shops were added to the bridge, inspired by the Ponte Vecchio in Florence.
The present Rialto Bridge was built between 1588-91 by an obscure architect named Antonio de Ponte. He even beat out Michelangelo, who also submitted a design for the competition.
This is a great neighborhood when you venture into the tiny streets past the bridge. I stayed at a fantastic Air Bnb last time I was in Venice for 5 days.
13. Rialto Fish Market
This fish market is a newcomer in Venice. It dates from 1907. It's a market hall for fish sellers and, boy, you can smell it as you stroll by. Although it's modern, the fish market has nice Gothic features and carved capitols.
the Gothic Ca' d'Oro
14. Ca' d'Oro | Galleria Giorgio Franchetti alla Ca' d'Oro
With its lacy Gothic facade, the Ca' d'Oro is one of the most beautiful buildings along the Grand Canal. It no longer has the original gold leaf that gave the palace its name. But it's beautiful nonetheless.
Baron Franchetti bequeathed this jewel box of a home to Venice. The small museum is packed with masterpieces, including precious items that Napoleon plundered.
The must see masterpieces include Titian's smoldering Venus With a Mirror, Mantegna's St. Sebastian, and marble sculptures from the late Renaissance and Baroque periods by Giambologna and Bernini.
A mosaic on the ground floor is a knock off of one at St. Mark's. If you step out onto the loggias, you have Instagrammable views of the Grand Canal.
views of the Grand Canal from the loggia of the Ca' d'Oro
Gustav Klimt, Judith II, 1909
15. Ca’ Pesaro | International Gallery of Modern Art
Ca' Pesaro is a spectacular 18th century Venetian palace in Venice's Santa Croce area. It was built by architectural superheroes Longhen and Antonio Gaspari.
While not as renowned as the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, the Ca' Pesaro is real a hotspot for modern art lovers. It has a fabulous collection, spanning several movements from the 19th and 20th centuries with an especially rich collection of expressionists and surrealists.
The collection includes art works by works by Kandinsky, Chagall, de Chirico, Ernst, Matisse, Miro, and Gustav Klimt. A highlight is Klimt's Judith II.
Fondaco dei Turchi Palace | Natural History Museum
16. Fondaco dei Turchi Palace | Natural History Museum
This out of the way museum is worth a visit if you're in Venice more than 2 days. It's well organized, has interactive displays, and -- you guessed it -- dinosaur skeletons.
The palace once served as dormitory/warehouse for the Turks. Venice was constantly warring with the Ottoman Turks. But that didn't prevent them from doing business together.
Church of Santa Maria of Nazareth
17. Church of Santa Maria of Nazareth
This church lies in the Cannaregio neighborhood of Venice, near the S. Lucia train station. It was built between 1300 and 1400. Guiseppe Sardi designed the fetching facad in 1672-80. It's covered entirely in marble. Sculptures of saints lie in niches.
Inside, it's an elaborate Baroque affair. The church has ornate chapels with multi-colored twisting marble columns, sculptures, frescos. Some of the ceilings were painted by Tiepolo. Within is the tomb of Ludovico Manin, the last of the doges.
Ponte della Constituzione
18. Ponte della Constituzione
Completed in 2008, this ultra modern is commonly called the Calatrava Bridge, after its architect Santiago Calatrava. It's a 300 foot sweeping curve of steel, faced with Istrian marble and glass. It connects the Piazalle Rome to Venice's main railway.
Calatrava is an in demand globally famous architect. But he's not popular with Venetians. Thought the bridge is beautiful, the residents think it clashes with the historic Venetian architecture. They also claim the bridge is functionally unusable.
Citizens complained about the slippery glass steps. Lawsuits followed. In 2019, Venice fined Calatrava $86,000 for "macroscopic negligence" in designing the slippery lobster bridge.
Tips for Cruising the Grand Canal: How To Make the Most Out of Your Grand Canal Tour
1. Buying Vaporetto Tickets
The ride along the Grand Canal isn't cheap. But it's included in any of the day or longer transit passes. Whether you buy a pass or single ticket, be sure to validate it at the machine before boarding.
You get the Vaporetto ticket from an ACTV, the local transit authority, or at a Hellovenezia ticket outlet. There's a ticket booth at most larger Vaporetto stations, such as the Rialto Bridge, Piazza San Marco, and Ferrovia station.
You can also buy tickets at most tobacco shops and newsstands. If you download the AVM Venezia app, you can buy and validate tickets with your smart phone.
Palazzo Cavalli Franchetti
2. Where and When To Get On the Vaporetto?
The best places to start or end your trip are the Ferrovia train station, Piazzzalo Roma on the northwest side of the Grand Canal, or Piazza San Marco on the southeast side.
You can take a covered seat if you want to avoid the sun. But the best views are from standing outside. Then you can see both sides of the canal as you glide down.
Try to hop on Vaporetto #1, the most popular water bus, in the late afternoon for softly lit views. But the Grand Canal is also magical at night, with the palazzo facades lit up and Murano glass chandeliers gleaming in the windows.
my daughter and I admiring the Grand Canal
3. Can You Take a Tour of the Grand Canal?
You can also sign up for a 1 hour tour or 2 hour boat tour with a guide. If you opt for the 2 hour tour, you'll also cruise through smaller canals in Dorsoduro and Cannaregio.
A gondola is an option too. But it's very expensive. Plus, you'll be low in the water and the views will be worse. A gondola is best saved for navigating the picturesque smaller canals. Or, you can learn to row a gondola yourself in Cannaregio.
If you'd like to virtually vaporetto down the Grand Canal from home click here.
If you'd like to cruise down Venice's Grand Canal, pin it for later.