• Leslie

The Best Things To See and Do In Bélem, Lisbon's UNESCO Neighborhood

Updated: Jun 27


the marina in the Belem neighborhood of Lisbon
the marina in the Belem neighborhood of Lisbon


Here's my guide to what to see and do in the architecturally-rich suburb of Belém. Belém is a mini day trip from Lisbon, just southwest of the city center. It's a pretty riverfront area with Lisbon's defining UNESCO-listed landmarks, some of the grandest monuments in Portugal.


In Belem, you'll have a respite from the hustle and bustle of glamorous Lisbon. Atlantic breezes flow, grandiose Manueline monuments dazzle, and boats glide along the wide Tagus River. You'll be cast back to the Age of Discoveries, when the world was Portugal’s colonial oyster.



ultimate guide to Lisbon's UNESCO-listed Belem neighborhood, a must visit destination in Lisbon


From the banks of Belem, Vasco de Gaia romantically set out in 1497 to find treasures in faraway lands. Three years later, he returned triumphant, with booty from the Spice Island of the East.


At dusk, the Belem crowds subside and return to Lisbon. The softening light paints the monastery’s Manueline turrets gold. And the riverside UNESCO neighborhood is yours alone for exploring. Belém is an unmissable destination in Portugal. Pencil it into your Lisbon itinerary.



Jeronimos Monastery in Belem
Jeronimos Monastery in Belem


Highlights of Belém: Landmarks and Attractions in Belem


I've put together a list of the best sites and attractions in Belém. In truth, it would be difficult to see all of Belém's monuments, landmarks, and museums in one day.


You can use this Belem travel guide to help you narrow down the list and select the sites that appeal the most. With the exception of the Adjuda Palace, most of the sites are close together and within easy walking distance.


Many of these sites accept the Lisboa Card, which will likely save you money, depending on how many monuments you visit. Don't visit Belém on a Monday. Almost everything is closed.



facade of Jeronimos Monastery, a must see site in Lisbon's Belem neighborhood
facade of Jeronimos Monastery


1. Jerónimos Monastery


Jerónimos Monastery is a 500 year old UNESCO site and one of Portugal's premiere landmarks. It's the finest example of Manueline architecture in Portugal (perhaps in the world) and a must visit site in Belém. So ornate was the monastery, it took 100 years to build.


Manueline architecture was a short-lived late Gothic artistic movement that lasted 30 years in the early 16th century. It's a distinctively Portuguese style, named after its key influencer, King Manuel I, who reigned from 1495 to 1521.


Jeronimos Monastery is eye catching, a twisting mass of honey colored stone that glows in the sunshine. There are no straight lines.


Rather, the monastery is work of flamboyant and restless decoration. Everything is spiraled, twisting, and leaping. And encrusted with ornate symbols of the sea and maritime discovery.



the elaborate Manueline south portal of the monastery
the elaborate Manueline south portal of the monastery

my daughter and I admiring the cloister
my daughter and I admiring the cloister


King Manuel was known as the "lucky king." His reign was prosperous. A torrent of wealth poured in from Portugal's maritime adventures.


Loaded with newfound cash from spice taxes, King Manuel splashed out on grand monuments commemorating Portugal's marine dominance during the Age of Discoveries, including this swoonful monastery and the Tower of Belém.


There’s nothing like the moment you walk into the monastery's two level cloister. The cloister is honey colored and dripping with organic detail. It feels less like a place of austerity and contemplation and more like a royal palace.


You'll be wowed by the delicately scalloped arches, twisting turrets, and columns intertwined with leaves, vines, and knots. And the gargoyles and beasties on the upper facade.



the elaborate Manueline cloister of Jeronimos Monastery
the elaborate Manueline cloister of Jeronimos Monastery

the nave of the Church of Santa Maria at Jerónimos Monastery, which you can access for free
the nave of the Church of Santa Maria at Jerónimos Monastery, which you can access for free


The cloister's highlight is the Refectory, a vast hall that served as the dining area for the monks. It's decorated with beautiful 16th century azulejo panels. Outside the Refectory is the Lion Fountain, which the monks used to wash their hands before meals.


And don't miss the adjacent Church of Santa Maria de Belém, which you can enter for free. You'll be gobsmacked.


You enter via a grotto-like portal into lofty interior. Once inside, six massive tree trunk columns soar, twist, and spread wide into the cobwebby ceiling. The ceiling itself is a masterpiece, a fanciful spiderweb of stone and stylized waves.


Superstar navigator da Gama is interred in the lower chancel, just to the left of the entrance. His tomb is festooned with seafaring symbols. Elephants support the tombs of King Manuel, a reminder of greatness.


Address: Praça do Império 1400-206 Lisboa

Hours: 10:00 am to 6:30 pm Tue-Sun (5:30 pm Oct to May). The first Sunday of the month is free.

Entry fee: 12 €, combined entry with the Archaeological museum is 14 €.



The National Museum of Archaeology in Belem
The National Museum of Archaeology in Belem


2. The National Museum of Archaeology


Since 1893, the long west wing of the Jeronimos Monastery has been home to Belém's Archaeological Museum, the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia. It's tucked into a former monk's dormitory.


The museum is the residence of Portugal's main archaeological research center, with artifacts from all over the country. The Room of Treasures is a highlight, with, as you might guess, various treasures and jewelry.


Conceived by its founder to be a "Museum of Portuguese Man," the museum continues to pursue its original mission -- telling the history of settlement in Portugal.


You can also buy tickets to the monastery and the Tower of Belem at the museum, which is advisable. It will have a much shorter line.


Address: Praça do Império, 1400. Belém‎.

Hours: Tuesday through Sunday10:00 am to 6:00 pm. Closed Mondays

Entry fee: Adults: €5 (+ Jerónimos Monastery = €12, + Jerónimos Monastery and Belem tower = €16)



the Tower of Belem, a UNESCO site
the Tower of Belem, a UNESCO site


3. Tower of Belém


The Tower of Belém is a beautiful Manueline-Gothic style structure, which is also part of Lisbon’s UNESCO 1983 designation. It’s just a 15 minute stroll along the river from the Jerónimos Monastery. And there are plenty of places to sit, relax, and admire the tower.


It's small, but has some personality. It looked very Game of Thrones-ish to my eye, which is always appealing.


Like the monastery, the Tower of Belém was commissioned by Manuel I and built in 1514-20. It's a fortress, adorned with rope carved stone and battlements in the shape of shields. The watchtower is built in a Moorish style. The austere basement below used to be a prison.



Tower of Belem


When I was there, there was a massive queue to get inside with the sun blazing on a hot day. They only let in a certain number of people at any given time. I didn't go inside. To ease my conscience, I later read that it’s a stony cramped experience.


But then I also read that the views were good, different than others offered. What you can do to skip the line at the Tower of Belem is buy a combo ticket when you purchase your Jeronimos Monastery ticket.


Address: Av. Brasília, 1400-038 Lisboa

Hours: From October - May, Belém Tower is open from 10:00 am to 5:30 pm, with the last admission at 5:00 pm. From May - September, it's open from 10:00 am to 6:30 pm, with the last admission at 6:00 pm

Entry fee: € 6, under 14 free


Monument to the Discoveries in Belem
Monument to the Discoveries in Belem


4. Monument to the Discoveries


Perched proudly on the Belém's waterfront is a huge 56 meter statue-monument called the Monument to the Discoveries. Built in 1960, it was commissioned to mark the 500th anniversary of the death of Henry the Navigator.


The monument is designed in the shape of a caravel, which is a speedy highly maneuverable sailing ship. It has Portugal's coat of arms on both sides. The sword of the royal house guards the entrance. At the far end, Henry the Navigator stands with a caravel in his hand.


On each sides, in two sloping lines, are 33 of the Portuguese heroes linked to the 16th and 17th century Age of Discoveries, like Manual I.




Compass Rose at the Monument of the Discoveries
Compass Rose at the Monument of the Discoveries


Near the monument, there's a Compass Rose 50 meters wide on the pavement. it displays a map of the entire world, showing the routes of the Portuguese navigators.

This treasure was a gift from Republic of South Africa to honor Portugal


If you want to venture inside the monument, you'll have great views from the viewing platform on the 6th floor. You can access it by by elevator or stairs.


Address: Av. Brasília, 1400-038 Lisboa

Hours: From March through September, the Monument to the Discoveries is open from 10:00 am to 7:00 pm. From October through February, it is open from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm. Closed Mondays.

Entry fee: € 5, under 12 free



the famous egg custard tarts at Pastéis de Belém
the famous egg custard tarts at Pastéis de Belém


5. Pastéis de Belém


Many tourists make the trip to Belém just to visit the famous Pastéis de Belém bakery on Rua de Belém, 5 minutes from Jeronimos Monastery.


They come for the gooey egg custard tart known as the pastel de nata, Portugal's most storied sweet. This bakery has a compelling back story. It supposedly has the “original” pastel de nata recipe passed on through many generations of monks from the monastery.


There will undoubtedly be a line. But the line is for take out. There's a large cafe in the back where you can waltz right in and sit down. On the way, you can see the bakers slaving away.


Address: R. de Belém 84-92, 1300-085 Lisboa



Bernardo Museum in Belem
Bernardo Museum in Belem


6. Bernardo Museum


Culture vultures can get their modern art fix at Belém's Bernardo Museum, the Museu Coleção Berardo. This is a fabulous museum with 1,000 works from the 20th and 21st centuries.


The ultra-white, minimalist gallery displays billionaire José Berardo’s eye-popping collection. It includes work of abstract, surrealist and pop art.


You'll find pieces by David Hockney, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, Jackson Pollock, Francis Bacon, and Willem de Kooning. Picasso's early Tete de Femme from 1909 and Warhol's iconic Brillo Box are highlights.



Andy Warhol room at the Bernard Museum
Andy Warhol room at the Bernard Museum


Address: Praca do Imperio, Lisbon 1449-003

Hours: Daily 10:00 am to 7:00 pm

Entry fees: For entry all day on Saturday



the neoclassical Adjuda Palace in Belem
the neoclassical Adjuda Palace in Belem


7. Adjuda Palace


Built in the early 19th century, Palácio da Ajuda is grand neoclassical palace. It served as the Portuguese royal residence from the 1860 to 1910. You can tour royal apartments and state rooms.


Inside, it's romantic. Clap your eyes on gilded and richly-decorated furnishings, tapestries, exquisite artworks, and other little "discoveries" from other countries. Don't miss the queen's chapel, home to Portugal's only El Greco painting.


The palace is about a 25 minute uphill walk from Belém. From Lisbon, you can also take tram 18E or several buses from downtown, including #760 from the Praça do Comércio. But it's worth the effort. It's an underrated hidden gem in Lisbon.



the Grand Waiting Room of Adjuda Palace
the Grand Waiting Room of Adjuda Palace


Address: Largo Ajuda 1349-021, Lisboa

Hours: 10:00 am to 6:00 pm, closed Wednesdays

Entry fee: free with Lisboa Card



exterior of the MAAT museum in Belem
exterior of the MAAT museum in Belem



8. MATT Museum: Architectural Gem


Situated on the riverfront, the "MAAT Museum" is the Museum of Art, Architecture and Technology. It's housed in a futuristic building with striking glazed tiles. Like the Tate Modern in London, MAAT repurposed a former power plant.


Visitors can walk over and under its reflective surfaces, which play with water, light and shadow. The facade sparkles and picks up reflections from the water, changing color during the day.


The museum has ground level exhibition halls. It also boasts a rooftop area for pedestrians, which functions as a public plaza.


MAAT was designed by UK-based Amanda Levete. For me, the architecture itself exceeds the museum's contents. I preferred the Bernardo Museum.



exhibit at the MAAT Museum in Belem
exhibit at the MAAT Museum in Belem


You'll find the artwork in: four temporary exhibition galleries in the main building, four galleries at Central Tejo, an outdoor garden, a river view restaurant, and a funky footbridge that crosses Av de Brasília.


The museum's cutting edge exhibitions, up to 15 per year, focus on visual arts, media, architecture, technology and science.


Address: Avenida Brasilia | Central Tejo, Lisbon

Hours: 11:00 am to 7:00 pm, closed Tuesday

Entry fee: 5 €, under 18 free



the National Coach Museum in Belem
the National Coach Museum in Belem


9. National Coach Museum


Disney princess wannabes and history lovers will delight in Portugal's most visited museum, the National Coach Museum. Opened in 2015, the museum dazzles with its world-class collection of seventy 17th to 19th century coaches.


Don't miss Pope Clement XI’s stunning ride, the scarlet-and-gold Coach of the Oceans, King Philip II 16th century traveling coach, and the baroque 18th century coach given by Pope Clement XI to King John V.


If you've been to Munich, you may have seen the gilded coaches at Nymphenburg Palace. The carriages here are just as elegant.


Address: Av. da Índia 136, 1300-004 Lisboa

Hours: 10:00 am to 6:00 pm, closed Mondays

Entry fee: € 6, free with Lisboa Card



Lisbon Portugal
Lisbon Portugal


How to get to Belém from Lisbon


I drove to Belém, but there are several public transport options.


READ: Tips for Renting a Car and Driving in Europe


If you want to get to Belém from central Lisbon, take the train from Cais do Sodré, which is connected to the Lisbon Metro system. It leaves regularly and takes just nine minutes. Get off at Belém station and you can walk from there.


Alternatively, you can take the tram 15, which starts in Baixa. But it's slower than the metro Or you can also use the city buses with the numbers 727, 28, 729, 714 or 751.



Lisbon cityscape


You may enjoy these other Lisbon travel guides and resources:

4 day itinerary for Lisbon

Guide to the Alfama neighborhood\

Day trips from Lisbon

Hidden gems in Lisbon

Guide to Jeronimos Monastery

Tips for visiting Lisbon

Guide to azulejo tiles in Lisbon

Guide to Carmo Convent


If you'd like to visit Lisbon's historic Belem neighborhood, pin it for later.


The Ultimate Guide to Belem, Lisbon's UNESCO Neighborhood



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