How To Spend 10 Days In Portugal, the Perfect 10 Day Itinerary
Updated: Mar 10
the funicular in Porto with views of old town Portio and Vila Nova de Gaia
I was recently in sun-drenched Portugal again on a blissy geographical cure. This is the 10 day itinerary for Portugal that I followed, which I wouldn't alter one bit if I had a do-over. You'll have three bases: Lisbon (4 nights), Coimbra (2 nights), and Porto (4 nights).
10 days sounds like a goodly amount of time, doesn't it? But it's never enough time to explore a country, especially one with the myriad charms of Portugal. Portugal dazzles with history, medieval castles, great food, and idyllic scenery. And trams rattling by, some adorned with street art, almost like San Francisco.
view of the Alfama neighborhood of Lisbon
My itinerary starts in Lisbon and ends in Porto. But you could easily reverse the order and start in Porto. I've written many articles about the two cities, which you'll find on my Portugal page and which I'll also link to below where relevant.
Ready to get a taste of Portugal? Here we go!
Praca do Comercio with yellow tram
The Perfect 10 Day Itinerary for Portugal
Day 1: Arrive in Lisbon
Lisbon is a feast for the eyes. It’s an artistic ensemble of sparkling azulejos, eye candy vistas, pastels houses, and melancholic Fado music. There are no "must see" attractions in Lisbon. But there are plenty of tourist traps you should skip in your short time there, like the Santa Justa Elevator.
You're likely going to arrive in Lisbon in the late afternoon. So begin by exploring Rossio Square in the bustling city center, Baixa. Admire the wavy tile mosaics around the King Pedro IV statue. Then head down Rua Augusta to the Praça de Comércio, the showy 18th century square with a triumphal arch. But don't dine here; the squares are mostly filled with tourist restaurants.
the 15th century Igreja do Carmo in Lisbon's Chiado neighborhood
Instead, head to Lisbon's Chiado neighborhood. It's a rather arty upscale neighborhood filled with lovely cafes, chic art galleries, bookshops, and tony boutiques.
Take in the evocative Carmo Convent there. It's probably the best historical site in Lisbon and a memorial to the worst day of Lisbon’s history, when a 1755 earthquake demolished much of the city.
Then settle in at an authentic Chiado eatery, like Taberna da Rua das Flores or Cantinho do Avillez. For a Michelin dining experience, try Alma (which just got a second Michelin star) or Belcanto.
a pretty street in Lisbon's Alfama neighborhood
Day 2: Explore Lisbon
Wake up and head to Lisbon's most charming neighborhood, the colorful old world Alfama.
Steeped in history, immortalized in Fado, and rising over Lisbon, Alfama is one of Lisbon's most authentic districts. A city outside a city. With steep stairways tumbling down to Baixa below and Castelo São Jorge (St. George's Castle) standing guard above, Alfama is incredibly beautiful and photogenic.
You needn't bother going inside the castle. It's just a 20th century recreation of the Moorish castle that previously existed there. And there are other free miradouros, or viewpoints, in Alfama -- Largo das Portas do Sol and Miradouro da Graça.
Panoramic shot from St. George's Castle. But there are other miradouros where you'll have a similar view.
You can follow a specific walking tour in Alfama. Or just surrender to the lively chaos and get lost in the maze of tangled streets. While you're there, admire the sparkling azulejo tiles that adorn the buildings and streets. I like to think that Lisbon was given the nickname “Queen of the Sea” because its tile bedecked buildings resemble precious stones that decorate crowns.
In the afternoon, seek out some of Lisbon's hidden gems. Or take in a museum. My favorite museum is the National Tile Museum. Housed in a sublime 16th century convent, this unique museum covers the entire history of the azulejo (hand-painted tile). But the Gulbenkian Museum is also a splendid option. Both museums are somewhat off-center. But Ubers are very cheap in Lisbon.
In the evening, head to Time Out Market for dinner. It’s located in a cool converted warehouse. It’s foodie heaven, with some of Lisbon’s best chefs serving incredible food in the many food stalls. There are also wine bars galore. Portuguese wine is cheap and tasty.
part of my dinner -- the octopus special from Marlene Vieira at Time Out Market
Day 3: Explore Belem, Lisbon's UNESCO Neighborhood
In the architecturally-rich suburb of Belém, you'll have a respite from the hustle and bustle of glamorous Lisbon. Atlantic breezes flow, grandiose Manueline monuments dazzle, and boats glide along the wide Tagus River. You'll be cast back to the Age of Discoveries, when the world was Portugal’s colonial oyster.
the marina in the Belem neighborhood of Lisbon
Visiting Belem could take up an entire day, if you're so inclined. Here's what I think are the top 10 sites in Belem.
But your top priority is Jerónimos Monastery. It's a glorious 500 year old UNESCO site and a mandatory destination in Lisbon. It's the premiere example of Manueline architecture in Portugal and the #1 site in Belem.
Manueline architecture was a short lived late Gothic artistic movement that lasted 30 years in the early 16th century. It's a distinctively Portuguese style, named after its key influencer, King Manuel I, who reigned from 1495 to 1521 during the Age of Discoveries.
the Manueline cloister of Jeronimos Monastery in Belem
my daughter and I admiring the Manueline cloisters at Jerónimos Monastery in Belem
There’s nothing like the moment you walk into the monastery's two level cloister, honey colored and dripping with organic detail. You'll be wowed by the delicately scalloped arches, twisting turrets, and columns intertwined with leaves, vines, and knots. And the gargoyles and beasties on the upper facade.
When you're done gorging on Manueline architecture and the famous Pastéis de Belém pastries, head back to Lisbon. At night, head to Lisbon's nightlife spot, the hilly neighborhood of Bairro Alto for food and drink. Or take in a Fado show there.
Sintra's dazzling and uber popular 19th century romantic palace, Pena Palace
Day 4: Day Trip to Sintra
Day 4 takes you to nearby Sintra. It's a gorgeous rock star of a town torn from a storybook. But Sintra's a tricky place to visit on a day trip.
I have decided views about how to tackle the town, which boasts numerous UNESCO castles and palaces. Here are my tips for decoding Sintra, some of which are decidedly unconventional but I felt enhanced my recent visit.
Most people adore Pena Palace, and the lines for the interior are epic. Pena Palace has a real Mad King Ludwig feel. I couldn't decide whether the colorful palace was a real life "fairytale" or a tacky pastiche on steroids. I decided just to enjoy the extreme whimsy and differentness of the place, a creation of King Ferdinand II, a genius who dared to be different.
Quinta da Regaleira Palace in Sintra
My personal favorite palace in Sintra is the bewitching Quinta da Regaleira. Quinta was built by eccentric and superstitious millionaire Antonio Monteiro. It's an extravagant stony affair with follies and a mysterious initiation well.
The buildings are adorned with a heady mix of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish, Neo-Manueline, and Renaissance features. There are gargoyles and carvings associated with Masonry, the Knights Templar, and the Rosicrucians. In the palace brochure, Quinta is described as an "imaginary universe of symbolism and metaphor." It felt that way to me, very Pans Labyrinth-esque.
the mysterious masonic initiation well at Quinta da Regaleira in Sintra
Day 5: Visit Obidos and Alcobaca Monastery En Route to Coimbra
Obidos and Alcobaca Monastery were two of my favorite stops in Portugal.
Just an hour from Lisbon, Obidosis a dreamy UNESCO village, perched fetchingly on a hill and encircled with stout medieval walls. It's decorated with splashes of blue and yellow paint and filled with bougainvilla-covered whitewashed homes. You'll be seduced by its beauty and shabby chic romantic aura.
beautiful Obidos, view from the city walls
hanging out on a cobbled pedestrian street in Óbidos
Stroll down the main drag, Rua Direita, which runs from the Porta da Vila to Obidos Castle. It's stuffed with whitewashed buildings, quirky bars and cafes, exquisite shops, and ubiquitous ginjinha stands. The iron street lamps and chipped stone facades complete the vintage look.
The real magic of Obidos lies off the main drag. So veer towards Obidos' quiet maze of pathways to enjoy the quiet, color, and romance. You won't find another person in sight. This is where you'll find the intangible fairy dust of Obidos, and its greatest gift to the traveler.
my daughter heading to the entrance of Alcobaca Monastery
Just 30+ minutes north of Obidos is Alcobaca Monastery. I was dazzled by Jeronimos Monastery. Still, that didn't diminish my awe at seeing the austere beauty of Alcobaca, which is also a UNESCO site.
The monastery was founded almost 800 years ago in 1153. Construction took place over centuries and it’s a mix of Gothic and Cistercian architecture with intricate workmanship. The monks moved into their new stone digs in 1223, and the church was finished in 1252.
The monastery is more impressive from the inside than the outside. Despite the overwrought Baroque overlay, once you enter the doors, everything changes. The monastery becomes a monument to simplicity and majesty. There's no riotous Baroque carnival inside. It feels light and airy.
the tomb of Inês de Castro of Spain in the Alcobaça church
"palm tree" columns in the Monks' Hall of Alcobaca Monastery
In the transept, you’ll find the monastery's greatest possession: two magnificent royal tombs lying opposite each other. They provide a gripping and tragic back story, in contrast to all the Cistercian austerity.
They are the "his and hers" marble tombs of the star-crossed lovers King Pedro I of Portugal and the catastrophically beautiful Inês de Castro of Spain. Theirs is a tragic medieval tale of obsessive love and political intrigue, the Portuguese equivalent of Romeo & Juliet. Inês was murdered by Pedro’s father to end their affair.
Coimbra University, perched atop a hill in Coimbra Portugal
Day 6: Explore Coimbra
Day 6 is dedicated to exploring Coimbra, which some call the "Athens of Portugal." Coimbra is often neglected by travelers in Portugal, and it shouldn't be. Perched on the Rio Mondego, Coimbra was Portugal's medieval capital. And still has steeply stacked houses tumbling down its old town.
For starters, you'll be bowled over by the architectural splendor of Coimbra University -- sitting at the highest point in Coimbra and yet another of Portugal's UNESCO sites. And the swirling black cape uniforms of its students, which look very Harry Potter-esque.
the Royal Palace and Tower of Coimbra University
panoramic shot of the Great Hall of Acts at Coimbra University where PhD students defend their dissertations
Founded by royal charter in 1290, Coimbra University is a UNESCO site that’s old. One of the oldest universities in the world, older than Oxford University. It's vast courtyard contains a cluster of 16th to 18th century buildings.
The university's palace boasts the Great Hall of Acts, whose current design dates from 1655. The university's chapel has beautiful painted ceilings. But the main event is the over the top Joanina Library. You will be given a timed entry slot, so don't wander away and miss your time window.
The famous library was built from 1717-28 during the reign of Joao V. It's also, not exactly shockingly, known as the Baroque Library. It has a large central hall with a nave like structure divided into three main rooms, clad in beautiful gilded bookshelves. It looks and feels more like a museum than a library.
the Noble Floor of the magnificent Joanina Library
Once you've visited the university, head into Coimbra's old town. Coimbra has a melancholy beauty all its own. Coimbra has its own pottery style, its own version of Fado, and an attitude. It's a stylish place, where black caped students, tony cafes, and ancient monuments all blissfully co-mingle.
The main pedestrianized street is Rua Ferreira. It's lined with elegant old buildings and the Igreja de Santa Cruz, with a magnificent tiled interior. Stop in at the Carlos Tomás pottery shop, to see the artist at work and select some distinctive Moorish-influenced Coimbra Pottery.
Off the main drag, you find some steep and narrower streets. Here, you'll find Coimbra's Old Cathedral, Se Velha. The austere 12th century Sé is one of Portugal's finest examples of Romanesque architecture. The main portal and facade are particularly striking, almost gold in the warm afternoon sunshine.
the artist Carlos Thomas at work in his Coimbra studio
Finish your day with some Portuguese food. You'll have endless options for great food in Coimbra. We settled in at DUX Taberna Urbana, for a contemporary take on traditional dishes.
Day 7: Visit the Roman Ruins of Conimbriga En Route To Porto
The next day depart Coimbra and stop at the Roman Ruins of Conimbriga en route to Porto. History and archaeology buffs will be in 7th heaven.
Conimbriga is one of the largest Roman settlements outside Italy, dating from as early as the first Iron Age in the 9th century B.C. Romans built an amphitheater for over 10, 000 people, city walls, three bathing complexes (with stone heating ducts) temples, and several residences.
2,000 year old mosaics in the House of the Fountains in Conimbriga
Depending on how long you stay to admire the ruins, you should have part of the afternoon to explore Porto. Colorful vintagey Porto is a travel photographer's dream. Or just a dream. It's so dreamy that, right now, Porto's one of Europe's hottest destination.
Porto's magical, has a pretty palette, and is full of Baroque churches, azulejo tiles, and dreamy cobblestone streets. And hills. While those hills may make your quads burn, they provide amazing vistas to view some of Porto's visual treats.
I spent an afternoon just meandering around and bingeing on Porto's azulejos. Azulejos are everywhere -- on gorgeous churches, train stations, facades. Here's what I saw on my lengthy azulejo-based stroll.
carved plaster decorations on the Livraria Lello staircase
You'll likely come across Livraria Lello, Porto's uber-popular and photogenic bookshop. It's considered one of the most beautiful bookstores in the world and classified as a National Monument.
Livraria Lello is renowned for its lovely art deco, art nouveau, and gothic interior. It also claims bragging rights as the rumored inspiration for J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter book series. The late afternoon is a much better time to visit than early morning.
the Cais de Ribeira in Porto Portugal
When you've gotten the lay of the land, head to the Cais de Ribeira for a cocktail or some pottery shopping. The riverside quarter of Porto is a medieval warren of narrow winding streets and pastel painted facades in faded glory. Tall and colorful row houses are crammed along the river bank. And there are plenty of trendy bars, cafes, shops, street artists, and entertainers.
That night, have dinner at an authentic Portuguese restaurant like Casa Aleixo, Cafeina, or Brasao Coliseu. If you want a beautiful space (though rather touristy), try Cafe Majestic. The Art Nouveau decor, vintage mirrors, and period lighting inside made me swoon.
If you're feeling casual and really adventurous, now's the time to try Portugal's "heart attack" sandwich, the Francesinha. It consists of ham, sausage, and steak, topped with cheese, beer and egg. You can get a traditional sandwich at Francesinha Cafe or a more modern version of the extreme comfort food at Porto Cruz.
Cafe Majestic. Image source: José Moutinho
Day 8: Explore Porto
Now it's time to get serious in Porto. There are some must see sites in Porto, for which you should allocate ample time. For example, Porto seems to specialize in dramatic churches. There's the tiny but gorgeous Capela das Almas and the instagram famous Igreja do Carmo, both clad in blue azulejos.
Don't miss the imposing fortress-like Se Cathedral, part of Porto's UNESCO designation. Construction began in the second half of the 12th century. It's been repeatedly renovated and now sports three different architectural styles -- Roman, Gothic, and Baroque. The highlights are the Gothic cloister and the stunning view of Porto from its terrace.
the Instagram famous rectangular azulejo covered flank of the Igreja do Carmo
view from Sé Cathedral terrace
ThenvisitPalácio da Bolsa and theChurch of Sao Francisco, right near each other. The Palacio is the old stock exchange. You need to go inside to comprehend the richness of the elaborate sculpture, decorative carvings, plasterwork, frescos, chandeliers, and tiles. The stuccoed Moorish Revival Salão Árabe is almost overwhelming.
The Church of Sao Francisco is also a stunner. The outside is Gothic and the inside is all Baroque. You'll feel smothered in gold. You can also visit the crypt below. Unfortunately, no photos are allowed in the church.
In the late afternoon, walk across the top of the twin level Luís I bridge for stunning views. This bridge connects the city of Porto with Vila Nova de Gaia, a town south of the city famous for its port wine warehouses.
The metal arched bridge was designed by one of the famous French engineer Gustave Eiffel's pupils, Théophile Seyrig. Its construction began in 1881 and required 3,054 tons of metal. When built, it was the longest metal bridge in the world.
my daughter Ali and I at the Ponte de Dom Luis I, Gaia side
When you're in Gaia, hike up to the Serra do Pilar Monastery Miradouro with commanding views of the Douro River. The adjacent Jardim de Morro also has good views and doesn't require a steep-iso climb. Plunk down and rest in the grass with Porto's young hipsters.
Then take the funicular ride for fabulous views. To catch the cable car, cross the lower level of the Luís I bridge from Porto, turn right, and walk along the river in Vila Nova de Gaia past the vendors and wine caves. Eventually, you'll come to the ticket office for the cable car on the river.
Don't leave without trying one of Nova da Gaia's famous port wine caves. And inspect the street art installation, Half Rabbit, by Bordalo II. We had a simple but delicious meal at Mamma Bella on a quiet side street in Gaia.
street art installation “Half Rabbit” by Lisbon artist Bordalo II.
Day 9: Day Trip to Guimaraes and Citania de Breiteros
Now that you've seen Porto, it's time to day trip from Porto to a dreamy UNESCO village. This is NOT Aveiro, which is sometimes called the "Venice of Portugal." It's my view that Aveiro is highly overrated and not worth a detour from Porto. It was my least favorite spot in Portugal.
So, you should choose either Braga or Guimaraes. It's difficult to do both in a day. We chose the quaint and ancient UNESCO town of Guimaraes and took a detour on the way home to another ruin (we are ruin lusters), Citania de Briteiros.
Dating from the 9th century, medieval Guimaraes is a surefire charmer. Sit in one of the medieval squares, Largo da Oliveira and Praça de Santiago, and admire the architecture. Preferably while sipping Portuguese coffee or, better yet, a glass of vinho verde wine.
Oliveira Square (Largo da Oliveira) in old town of Guimaraes
the charming Rua de Santa Maria in Guimaraes
Then head down the main pedestrianized drag, Rua de Santa Maria, for some cuteness and possible shopping. At the end of the street, you'll find Guimaraes' two main attractions -- the Palace of the Dukes of Braganza and Guimaraes Castle.
Guimaraes Castle is famous as the birthplace of D. Afonso Henriques, the first king of Portugal, and is part of the town's UNESCO designation. The foundations of the current castle date back to the late 10th century.
The fully renovated ducal palace is mostly a museum for artifacts and 17th century furniture, but still worth a visit. You can buy a combination ticket with Guimaraes Castle.
chilling out in the largely tourist free and very authentically ancient Guimaraes Castle
On your way back to Porto, if you have the time and energy, get off the beaten path and stop atCitania de Briteiros. The utterly ancient archaeological site sits at the very top of the boulder strewn hill of Saint Romão, accessed by a very long and winding road (which may make you carsick).
Citania is an obscure early Iron Age archaeological site. It's a type of “hill fort” called an oppidum. It’s the largest of a scattering of porto-urban Celtic hill settlements on the Iberian Peninsula. The site was likely inhabited between 200 B.C. and A.D. 300. It may have been the Celtiberians last stronghold against advancing Romans.
me enjoying the peace and quiet of an old ruin on my afternoon of ruin lust
Day 10: Tour the Douro Valley
This is your last day. And there is nothing better to do than take a classic tour of the Douro Valley. The Douro Valley is incredible, a glorious spot.
And the rest of the world is beginning to discover what the Portuguese have known forever. One of the world’s oldest demarcated wine regions, the Douro Valley showcases steep terrace vineyards carved into mountains, granite bluffs, pretty villages, and 18th century wine cellars.
It's really easiest to visit on a tour. But there are so many it's hard to choose. Here's a local travel blog that lays out all the tour options.
vineyards in the Douro Valley
Mateus Palace in the Douro Valley
Extending Your Time in Portugal
If you have more than 10 days to spend in Portugal, there are three options. You could spend more time in Lisbon and day trip to Evora, Tomar, or Marvao. Or, you could just base yourself in the Alentejo region of central Portugal for a few days and see these intriguing and more off the beaten path Portuguese towns.
Second, you could also opt for another day in beautiful Sintra. You wouldn't be in such a rush to see those lovely palaces and castles. And you could detour to Monserrate Palace or to the seaside village of Cascais.
Alternatively, you could head to Portugal's southernmost region, the Algarve, for some R&R on the beaches after 10 days of sightseeing. The villages of Albufeira, Quarteira, and Tavira provide the perfect setting.
If you liked my 10 day itinerary, pin it for later.