Here are my must know tips for visiting Rome to help you have the best and most efficient visit. I’m not going to tell you what others have — how to take the metro or order coffee or avoid pickpockets.
Everyone has written about that. Even me. I have a more general article with tips for visiting Italy.
But here, I’m giving you the good stuff — the lowdown on how to see the best things in Rome in the best way. With these substantive tips and some advance planning, you can make the most of your visit to Rome without wasting time or missing something important.
If you can, forget about metro and buses and be prepared to walk. A lot. Rome isn’t that big. So if your legs and fitness level are up the task, I advise walking everywhere. The metro doesn’t go to many places in the historic center anyway.
Admittedly it can be exhausting to walk from A to B in the scorching summer heat. But you shouldn’t be in Rome then anyway because of the intense crowds. If you walk, you’ll see so much more.
Plus, that way, you avoid pickpockets who tend to prey on tourists in the metro.
2. City Passes
I don’t think they’re worth it for Rome. They’re not all inclusive and they don’t include guided tours. Some overhype what they include.
You can easily book skip the line tickets on your own. The city passes are just pricier versions of what you can already achieve.
3. Go Late, Not Early, To the Main Attractions
Almost every Rome guide that I read says to show up early for sites. Except for perhaps the Pantheon, I think this is largely untrue.
It’s generally better to hit up uber popular attraction like the Vatican or the Trevi Fountain or the Roman Forum in the later afternoon after the mobs and day trippers have finished.
The Colosseum is Rome’s most visited landmark. You shouldn’t expect to just show up and procure a ticket. You need to book early and make a timed entry reservation. You can’t visit the Colosseum anymore without an advance reservation.
The cheapest way to get a ticket is to book directly with the Colosseum. A standard ticket is € 16. A ticket to explore the underground area of the Colosseum is € 9. It’s totally worth it, but you can only visit via a guided tour.
You can book your ticket or tour online here. There’s a € 2 online booking fee per ticket.
Tickets sell out well in advance. Book as soon as you know your exact visit date. Tickets are released on a schedule throughout the year. You can see the release schedule in the right hand column of this page.
Alternatively, you can book a curated tour with a private tour company in Rome, which is what I did. Though the tours are more expensive, you’ll skip the line and get a knowledgable tour guide who will likely also take you through the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill. Those two sites are included with a Colosseum ticket.
5. How Best To Visit St. Peter’s Basilica
Here’s my recommendation for the best way to visit St. Peter’s Basilica. Enter the basilica, look around to get a feel for its grandeur and magnificent statuary. Head down to the papal tombs in the grotto. The exit will take you back outside where you’ll find the ticket office for the dome.
Climb up the dome and enjoy the views. Climb back down and enter back into the basilica. Then, with your audio guide, you can soak in all the wonders inside. It’s a Bernini extravaganza.
There’s no entry fee, but you have to go through security to get into the basilica. There are almost always long lines. These queues tend to move along fairly swiftly, so don’t be too put off by the masses of tourists.
6. How and When To Climb St. Peter’s Dome
The entrance to the dome is on the right side of the basilica, above the visitor center. The dome is open daily from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, until 6:00 pm during high season from April 1 to September 30.
A ticket costs € 6 euros if you climb the 551 steps or € 8 to take the elevator midway up. From the elevator, it’s another 320 steps to the top. Allow about an hour for the dome experience.
The bells in the dome ring on the hour. If you want to hear them peal, time your visit to arrive at the top of the dome on the hour. If you’re climbing the stairs, start about 30 minutes before the hour.
7. How To Visit St. Peter’s Tomb:
It’s rather difficult to visit. Only 250 people are allowed in daily in small groups of 12.
You have to go through an application process and sign up for the Scavi tour. Click here for the Vatican’s official Scavi website.
Two months before your visit, you will need to send a fax or email, providing information on your visit and the date range you’ll be in Rome. Then, you just wait for them to get back to you. Once they do, you will need to prepay for the tour (13 €). Show up 10 minutes early.
8. How To Visit the Borghese Gallery
The Borghese Gallery is my favorite museum in Rome. It’s one of the best small museums in Europe. The museum houses a jaw dropping in situ art collection housed in a luxurious garden villa. It has the world’s largest collection of Caravaggio paintings.
BUT entrance to the Borghese Gallery is strictly controlled. You’ve got to be organized to go! The museum limits the number of visitors at any given time.
100 visitors are permitted in two hour time slots. At the end of each slot, the gallery is emptied before the next set of visitors is let in. This system has the benefit of ensuring the museum isn’t too crowded, a nice change of pace from the Vatican.
In low season, it may be possible to purchase same day tickets onsite. But generally, you 100% must make a reservation well in advance to guarantee access and avoid disappointment.
The easiest way to make a reservation is to book a Borghese Gallery tour. Your expert guide will make the necessary reservations and ensure you see the key highlights in your 2+ hour time slot.
You can also make a reservation either by telephone or online on the museum’s official website. You then collect your tickets in the basement.
Tiqets sends the ticket right to your smartphone. Viator representatives (the option I used) meet you outside the museum entrance. There, you’ll exchange your voucher for a ticket.
You should arrive early (30-40 minutes) to the Borghese Gallery to check your bag and collect your ticket. You don’t want that process to eat into your precious two hours. You’ll get a claim check to reclaim your items when you’re done with your visit.
9. Free Things To Do in Rome
Are you visiting Rome on a budget? No problem. In Rome, you can see priceless art for no price at all.
Most significantly, Rome’s churches open their ornate doors for free. Inside, you’ll find stellar art from the Renaissance and Baroque eras, including works by such luminaries as Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Caravaggio.
One of the best free walks in Rome is down Via Fori Imperiali. When Rome outgrew the Roman Forum, the emperors built Imperial forums down this street. You can look down on the ruins as you stroll. You see the forums of Trajan, Augustus, and Nerva.
It also costs nothing to wander in Rome’s piazzas and parks, where you’ll find even more art on display.
Here’s my guide to seeing the best free art, sculpture, and architecture in Rome.
10. Vittorio Emanuel II Monument
This is one of Rome’s must see monuments. It’s a supersized gleaming white monument to Italy’s first king. The 43 foot long statue of Vittorio is one of the world’s largest equestrian monuments.
You really can’t miss the monument, nicknamed the “wedding cake” or “typewriter” monument. It’s right in Piazza Venezia. You can go up the steps and admire it for free. Inside, there are cafes and a museum, with views from the cafe terrace and other spots.
But what most people fail to do is go around back. There’s an elevator that takes you up to the tip top for some of the best views in Rome.
The elevator is expensive at 10 euros. But I thought it was completely worthwhile. You have stunning views of the Rome Forum, Piazza del Popolo, and the dome of St. Peter’s.
11. Vatican Museums & Tickets
The Vatican Museums are overwhelming. There’s so much to see inside the Vatican: the sculpture museums, the Vatican Pinacoteca (painting gallery), Raphael Rooms, Borgia Apartments, maps and tapestries, and the Michelangelo frescos in the Sistine Chapel.
Honestly, it’s almost too much to see on one visit. The last time I was in Rome, I visited twice and got to explore in more depth. Plus, who doesn’t want to see the Sistine Chapel more than once?
Buy your ticket online and just suck up the extra 4 € fee. Or, book a small group tour with skip the line access. If you don’t splurge for skip the line access, you could wait hours in line to get inside. There are even waits in low season.
There’s also a strict dress code at the Vatican — no shorts, no hats, no bare shoulders. Be forewarned, if you’re there in the summer, there’s no air conditioning and it can feel suffocating.
If you’re taking a guided tour, you’ll end at St. Peter’s Basilica. Once inside the basilica, you cannot re-enter the Vatican Museums. So make sure you’ve seen everything you want to see in the museums before venturing in.
And be forewarned. If you’re taking a tour, be sure to be clear on exactly what it covers. Many Vatican tours skip the Vatican Pinacoteca and the Raphael Rooms. If you’re an art lover, you can’t miss these areas of the Vatican museums.
For more info, here are my Vatican City Guides:
12. Sistine Chapel
The Sistine Chapel is perhaps the world’s most famous interior decorated space. And it (mostly) came out of the mind of just one man, Michelangelo, nicknamed Il Divino. The scale of the work and breadth of Michelangelo’s imagination is incredible.
Know in advance that your tour guide will give you an overview of the Sistine Chapel with the placards in the Pinecone Courtyard. Once inside the chapel, there’s no talking. It’s best to have an idea of what you’re looking at before you get there.
If you are on a tour, your tour group will have a set schedule, including x amount of time inside the Sistine Chapel before going inside Saint Peter’s Basilica. You’ll probably get 10 minutes or so.
Once you go into the basilica, you can’t return. You can always leave your tour, spend more time in the chapel, and visit the basilica on your own.
You can’t take photos in the Sistine Chapel, unlike the rest of the Vatican Museums. This is likely due to crowd control rather than conservation.
13. S.U.P.E.R. Pass
Never heard of this? Most people haven’t. This pass will get you into some of Rome’s best, mostly secret, attractions.
This special pass covers some spectacular restricted archaeological sites on Palatine Hill and the Roman Forum. Some of these sites have just recently opened to the public and are still hidden gems in Rome.
Launched in 2018, the SUPER Pass stands for “Seven Unique Places to Experience in Rome.” It gives you skip the line access to 8 sites (one is a combo site). Those are:
- Nero’s Domus Transitoria
- House of Augustus
- House of Livia
- Aula Isiaca & Loggia Mattei
- Palatine Museum.
- Neronian Cryptoporticus
- Temple of Romulus
- Santa Maria Antiqua with Domitian Ramp
You can’t visit these sites with the regular trifecta ticket covering the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and the Palatine Hill. You can ONLY visit them with a SUPER pass. Because the SUPER pass is limited to specific times and small groups, you can enjoy a less touristy experience.
Here’s my complete guide to the S.U.P.E.R. Pass and the sites it covers.
14. Rome’s Secret Palace Museums
If you’re a first time visitor, you likely won’t have Rome’s palaces on your Rome itinerary. There’s just so many things to do in Rome. But if you’re a repeat visitor looking for some less crowded hidden gems in Rome, the palace museums are your ticket to nirvana.
Rome boasts numerous elegant palazzos that hold astonishing art collections. On a visit, you may have an aristocratic private palace in Rome all to yourself.
These rarely visited Roman palazzos hide some of Rome’s unmissable masterpieces, amid dazzling rooms designed and decorated by Rome’s rich and famous.
They offer a refuge from Rome’s crowds and the ability to enjoy Rome’s cultural riches in relative privacy. A true art lover will be utterly delighted by these unique museums in Rome.
15. Themed Artist Trails
Are you an art lover who likes to travel with a theme? Rome is fantastic place for that, especially if you love the Renaissance and Baroque eras.
I’m working on one for the great Renaissance artist Raphael next. In the meantime, you can read my guide to the most famous paintings of Raphael.
16. Don’t Skip Rome’s Monti Neighborhood
Monti is Rome’s trendiest off the beaten path district, tucked behind the Imperial forums on Via Fori Imperiali. Formerly a slum in ancient Rome, now it’s gentrified.
Monti is packed with unique shops and hip eateries. It’s only a 10 minute walk from the Colosseum, the perfect place to go for lunch after your Colosseum tour.
Be sure to get off the main drag and explore Monti’s cute cobbled side streets. If you want to grab a quick lunch, get avocado toast or a panini at Fehu. Or pick a cute ivy covered cafe, like Aromaticus Monti or La Carbonara, to settle down and relax after your Imperial tour.
Monti has one absolute must see site — the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. It’s much less crowded and much older than St. Peter’s, dating to the 5th century A.D. And it has absolutely breathtaking mosaics in the triumphal arch and nave.
17. Secret Churches
There is more to Rome than St. Peter’s Basilica, however magnificent it is. Rome has so many interesting churches that are under the radar hidden gems.
If you’re an early bird, many churches open very early at 7:00 am or so. If you’re looking to maximize your sightseeing, you can head to a church or two of your choice before the major attractions open at 9:00 am.
Some off the radar churches that you should consider putting on your Rome itinerary are: Santa Maria del Popolo (Renaissance and Baroque art), Santa Maria Sopra Minerva (great art right next to the Pantheon), the Basilica of San Clemente (underground pagan tomb), St. Peter in Chains (Michelangelo’s Moses), Church of San Giovani in Laterano (Holy Stairs), and Santa Maria in Trastevere (beautiful mosaics).
Remember that Rome’s churches have a dress code that is enforced. Your shoulders, knees, and cleavage must be covered. If you’re visiting Rome during the hot summer months, wear a long airy dress and carry a scarf to throw over your shoulders.
18. Take In a Temporary Exhibition
Just as in any major city, there are usually special exhibitions going on at any given time. Go and you may be the only non-Italian there.
Last time I was in Rome, I took in exhibitions at the Scuderie del Quirinale and the Palazzo Bonaparte.
Perched on the Via del Corso, the Bonaparte Palace recently opened to the public after years of renovations. It was once home to Maria Letizia Ramolino, the mother of Napoleon Bonaparte. She famously used her enclosed green shuttered balcony to watch over the piazza. You can walk out on the balcony yourself to check out the views.
19. Deceptive Websites
When looking for information about attractions in Rome, always go to the official source (i.e. that attraction’s actual official website). That way, you’ll get the best and most up to date information.
There are a plenty of blogs out there that look official, but are actually run by third parties. Many of them have outdated information. Like right now, there is no free first Sunday of the month. That was in the before times and hasn’t been reinstated.
20. Piazza Navona
You’ll likely wander through this stunning piazza in your walk through the heart of Rome. Be sure to admire the beautiful Bernini fountains.
But don’t forgot to actually walk into the elegant Church of Sant’Agnes. This beautiful church was designed by the architect Borromini and it’s absolutely free to enter.
The Baroque church doesn’t get the attention it deserves. People gawk at the Bernini fountains and forget to walk inside. That’s a mistake. The church is quite lovely, and a worthy hidden gem in Rome.
Here’s my guide to visiting the Church of Sant’Agnese.
21. Eat Rome’s Special Dishes
Each region of Italy has different specialities. While in Rome, try to indulge in the city’s best dishes. Those include:
- Spaghetti Carbonara: pasta with eggs, cheese, and cured pork
- Tonnarelli Cacio e Pepe: pasta with cheese and pepper
- Pizza Al Taglio: rectangular pizza usually sold by weight
- Suppli: deep fried rice balls with tasty sauce inside
- Bucatini Amatriciana: pasta with tomato, cheese, and cured pork
- Trapizzino: a cross between a pizza and a sandwich
- Pasta Alla Gricia: pasta with cheese, black pepper and cured pork
- Porchetta: slow roasted pork, often served in a sandwich
Book your evening meal a few days in advance if you want something scumptious and authentic. You can make online reservations on Open Table and The Fork. Remember, in Rome, dinner is rather late, often at 8:30 to 9:00 pm.
I hope you’ve enjoyed my helpful non-generic tips for visiting Rome and enjoying its must see attractions. You may enjoy these other Italy travel guides:
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