Guide To The Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden in Washington D.C.

Looking for some free outdoor fun in Washington D.C.? One of the best things to do in D.C. is visit the magnificent Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden.

the Hirshhorn Museum, with Roy Lichtenstein's Brushstrokes
the Hirshhorn Museum, with Roy Lichtenstein’s Brushstrokes

It’s an outdoor art park filled with world famous, eye catching sculptures by some of the world’s greatest artists. The museum is run by the Smithsonian Institute as part of the Hirshhorn Museum.

The Sculpture Garden is located right on the National Mall, which is home to the major cultural attractions in D.C. The best part about the Sculpture Garden? It’s outdoors and absolutely free.

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Overview Of The Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden

The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden was founded by Joseph Hirshhorn.

In 1966, he bequeathed nearly 6,000 works from his personal collection to the Smithsonian Institution. As a result, the spectacular and groundbreaking museum was built.

The museum itself is a circular building with an almost completely solid exterior face. It’s a pure form raised on monumental pilotis.

The architect, Gordon Bunshaft, sought to create “a large piece of functional sculpture” where art could be exhibited “without architectural distractions.” It allows the museum to present art in different ways.

Arnaldo Pomodoro, Sphere No. 6, 1963-65
Arnaldo Pomodoro, Sphere No. 6, 1963-65

What To See At The Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden

First opened in 1974, the museum’s Sculpture Garden is 197,000 square feet of beauty. The landscape architect, Lester Collins sought to create a “park within a park.”

The Hirshhorn Museum sits in a plaza.

That’s where you encounter the first permanent sculptures around, and interacting with, the museum: Alexander Calder’s Two Discs, Kenneth Snelson’s Needle Tower, and Lucio Fontana’s Spatial Concept Nature.

Auguste Rodin, Walking Man, 1907
Auguste Rodin, Walking Man, 1907

The Sculpture Garden is a leafy space of lawns and trees. It’s considered one of the finest modern landscapes in Washington D.C.

The garden directly faces the mall. It houses approximately 60 sculptures dating from 180 to 1965. The garden is enhanced by natural elements, including a reflecting pool in its center.

This is where you’ll find perhaps the Sculpture Garden’s most famous sculpture, August Rodin’s The Burghers of Calais.

Rodin is considered the father of modern sculpture. He was absurdly talented, his works a torrent of expressive power.

Auguste Rodin, Burghers on Calais, 1889
Auguste Rodin, Burghers on Calais, 1889
David Smith, Voltri XV, 1962
David Smith, Voltri XV, 1962
Joan Miro, Lunar Bird, 1945
Joan Miro, Lunar Bird, 1945

The Burghers of Calais is an emotionally charged piece. It tells a romantic story from the siege of Calais in 1347, during the Hundred Years War.

Six leading citizens, the burghers, offered to die if the rest of their town were allowed to survive. King Edward III’s wife, Queen Phillippa, heard the tale and persuaded her husband to spare them all.

In 1885, the City of Calais commissioned Rodin to create a sculpture commemorating the burghers’ heroism.

But, as usual, Rodin chose the extraordinary rather than the ordinary. He depicted the martyrs in a moment of angst, after their courageous sacrifice and when the threat of death was imminent.

Yoko Ono, Wish Tree, 2007
Yoko Ono, Wish Tree, 2007

The Burghers stand next to other works by Rodin — Walking Man, Crouching Woman.

There are also pieces by 19th and 20th century luminaries such as Aristide Maillol, Emile-Antoine Bourdelle, Henri Matisse, Gaston Lachaise, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Marino Marini, and Alberto Giacometti.

Yoko Ono’s Wish Tree for Washington D.C., gifted by the artist herself in 2007, takes pride of place. The wish tree is a white-flowering Japanese dogwood.

Visitors are urged to whisper their wishes to the tree. In the summer months, the Wish Tree “blooms” when visitors hang paper tags with written wishes on the tree.

Jeff Koons, Kiepenkerl, 1987
Jeff Koons, Kiepenkerl, 1987

You’ll also find several of Henry Moore’s classic reclining figures and one of his most famous pieces, King and Queen.

That piece is a combination of abstract and primitive forms. It focuses on the ancient conception of the monarch as a divine or divinely blessed being. The sculpture is Moore’s only piece depicting a seated couple.

Jean Arp’s ambiguous Evocation of a Form depicts different forms depending on your viewpoint.

Other abstract or conceptual works include Alexandre Calder’s mobile Six Dots over a Mountain, David Smith’s Cubi XII and Voltri XV, and Yayoi Kusama’s whimsical Pumpkin.

In short, the Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden is a free wonderland of sculpture, an art park that’s both modern and innovative-edgy. It’s the perfect place to get a dose of culture in a contemplative outdoor environment.

Yayoi Kusama, Pumpin, 2016
Yayoi Kusama, Pumpkin, 2016

In the spring of 2023, the garden will close for a $60 million renovation and reopen in 2024 or 2025.

The renovation is intended to add more grace to the space and attract more visitors. Previously, only 15% of museum attendees made it to the sculpture garden.

The redo will overhaul the original Brutalist design by Gordon Bunshaft and add more open-air galleries, a reflecting pool, and improved access.

It will also connect to the museum via an underground tunnel. The sculpture garden renovations will take 18-24 months to complete.

Henry Moore, King and Queen, 1953
Henry Moore, King and Queen, 1953

Practical Guide & Tips For The Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden

Address: 700 Independence Avenue (corner of 7th Street & Independence)

Hours: 7:30 am to dusk

Entry fee: free

Metro: The closest Metro stop is Smithsonian, on the Blue, Orange and Silver lines.

I hope you’ve enjoyed my guide to the Hirshhorn Sculpture Gallery. You may enjoy these other United States travel guides:

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